Men’s Health Services

Common Lifestyle Diseases in men

Lifestyle diseases such as stroke, cancer, heart disease, and diabetes are by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing 60 percent of all deaths.

 Chronic diseases of lifestyle (CDL) are a group of diseases that share similar risk factors because of exposure, over many decades, to unhealthy diets, smoking, lack of exercise, and possibly stress. The major risk factors are high blood pressure, tobacco addiction, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity. These result in various long-term disease processes, culminating in a high mortality rate. The most important fact is that these CDL can be prevented

Obese men are particularly susceptible to these chronic diseases due to their fat disposition around the abdomen. Obesity also increases your risk of erectile dysfunction.

 

Diabetes Mellitus:

A healthy diet and exercise can prevent disease, delay onset, or change the course of the disease. Early detection and treatment are essential.

Hypertension:

A healthy diet and exercise can prevent disease, delay onset, or change the course of the disease. Quitting habits such as smoking and alcohol use can be helpful. Early detection and treatment are essential.

Obesity:

A healthy diet and exercise can reduce weight; if not managed well, obesity will predispose one to the early onset of diseases such as Diabetes, Hypertension, and Heart Disease.  Together with other chronic diseases, Obesity also increases your risk of erectile dysfunction

Arteriosclerosis:

A healthy diet and exercise can delay the onset or change the course of the disease.

Prostate Cancer

What are the Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Race or ethnicity

Signs and Symptoms

  • Erectile difficulties
  • Blood in semen
  • Pain in lower back, hips, upper thighs
  • Urinary problems, which can include
    • Difficulties starting of stopping the flow of urine
    • Urine flow that starts and stops
    • Needing to urinate often, especially at night
    • Weak urine flow, pain or burning sensation during urination and blood in the urine

Screening

  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA)
  • Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

Other Cancers:

Regular screening tests and early detection help prevention of colorectal and lung cancers in men. Smoking remains the biggest risk factor for other cancers such as cancer of the throat and/or the lung.

Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is probably a lot more common than you think. 52% of men over the age of 40 years suffer from various degrees of this treatable condition. ED increases with age from 40% at the age of 40 years, at a rate which will affect 70% of 70-year-olds. Besides affecting your sex life, ED can be a symptom of an underlying problem such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol and obesity. Erectile dysfunction can be psychological as a result of stressful situations. Certain medications can also cause erectile dysfunction.

ED is no longer a taboo subject. More and more men (and their female partners) are talking about this condition, enabling them to seek advice on suitable treatment options. Completing a questioner on the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) can be helpful screening to determine the presence and degree of severity of ED.

Ageing Male Symptoms (AMS) and Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TDS)

It’s more like menopause in men; patients may present with symptoms such as erectile dysfunction and loss of libido. Other symptoms may include fatigue, muscle aches, reduce the feeling of wellbeing, loss of concentration, sweats/hot flushes, unexpected anemia, reduced muscle mass, reduce body hair. AMS questionnaire is a useful screening tool to determine the presence and degree of severity of AMS and TDS.

General screening tests for men

Blood pressure

Blood glucose, cholesterol, HIV,

Waist circumference

Screening for dental disease

Screening for depression

Age-appropriate  screening tests for men

  • Screening for prostate cancer

Screening should include PSA and DRE

  • From Age 40
    • it’s for all black males
    • for all males with a 1st-degree relative who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer
  • From age 45
    • For all other males
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA)

PSA Measurement if you fall into one of the above categories and to determine whether you have had a PSA test in the last year

  • Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

If you fall into one of the above categories, you need to have regular Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

  • Screening for Colorectal Cancer

If you are over 50 years you have to be screened for Colorectal Cancer

  • Screening for Glaucoma and Vision Impairment

The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AOO) recommends a comprehensive eye examination for every patient over 40 by an ophthalmologist or an optometrist skilled in the assessment of the optic nerve and knowledgeable about glaucoma.

  • Screening Testosterone Deficiency

Testosterone levels have to be checked

  • Screening for Aging Male Symptoms

If you are over 40 you need to complete the Ageing Male Symptoms (AMS) questionnaire