Women’s Health

Women also take a fair share of chronic disease of lifestyle that affects men such as:

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol and Arteriosclerosis
  • Cancers

Women also experience unique health issues and conditions, from pregnancy and menopause to gynaecological conditions such as uterine fibroids and pelvic floor disorders. The health topics listed below affect women only. Some other conditions affect men too but affect women primarily or more severely

Gynaecological health and disorders affecting women include 

    •  Menstruation and menstrual irregularities
    •  Urinary tract health, including urinary incontinence
    • Pelvic floor disorders
    • Bacterial vaginosis and vaginitis
    •  Uterine fibroids
    •  Vulvodynia.

Pregnancy issues include

    • Contraception
    • Preconception care and prenatal care,
    • Pregnancy loss (miscarriage and stillbirth)
    • Preterm labour and premature birth
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
    • Breastfeeding
    • Birth defects

Disorders related to infertility include

    • Uterine fibroids
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome
    • Endometriosis
    • Primary ovarian insufficiency.


Other disorders and conditions that affect only women include

    • Turner syndrome,
    • Rett syndrome, and
    • Ovarian and cervical cancers.

 Issues related to women’s overall health and wellness include

    • Violence against women,
    • Women with disabilities
    • Unique challenges,
    • Osteoporosis and bone health,
    • Menopause

General Screening Tests for women

Blood pressure

Blood glucose, cholesterol, HIV,

Waist circumference

Screening for dental disease

Screening for depression

Specific Screening Tests for Women

    • Breast examination 

For all females after puberty

    • Pap smear and HPV screening

For all sexually active females

    • Mammogram

For women above the age of 40

    • Bone Density test

For all females above age 60

    • Screening for colorectal cancer

For women above 50

    • Screening for Glaucoma and vision impairment

For women above 40